The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) is an innovative United Nations partnership that leads and inspires the world in achieving universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support. In more than 80 countries, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS has been supported by the UNAIDS Secretariat.
In Uzbekistan, UNAIDS unites the efforts and resources of eight UN Agencies in order to respond more effectively to the HIV epidemic. The UNAIDS Country Office works to assist the country in preventing new HIV infections; ensuring the provision of treatment and support for people living with HIV; lowering stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV; supporting human rights of key populations at higher risk of HIV exposure; guaranteeing universal access to life-saving services; and making sure that no one is left behind.
II. Main areas of work
Assistance in scaling up towards Universal Access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support
The major goal of UNAIDS Country Office is to support the Government’s activities aimed at curbing the HIV epidemic in the country. This will be achieved by providing universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support to key populations. In 2014, for example, UNAIDS launched a fast-track strategy to end the global AIDS epidemic by 2030. Within the crucial five years of 2015-2020, UNAIDS is supporting Uzbekistan to reaching the “90-90-90” treatment targets. This new set of targets requires that 90 percent of people living with HIV know their HIV status; 90 percent of people who know they are HIV-positive are on treatment; and 90 percent of people on treatment have suppressed viral loads.
Protection of human rights and elimination of stigma and discrimination
Universal access to life-saving services cannot be provided without equity, social justice, empowerment of the marginalized, and elimination of stigma and discrimination. The UNAIDS Country Office supports the Government in making sure that in the national HIV response, no one is left behind. It advocates for a human rights-based approach in national HIV programmes and activities, supports the accessibility of HIV prevention, treatment and care for people at higher risk, and lobbies for effective participation in decision making by concerned groups.
In 2014, the UNAIDS Country Office launched the Zero Discrimination campaign in Uzbekistan. Within this ongoing campaign, UNAIDS cooperates with a variety of partners to raise public awareness, especially among youth, about HIV prevention, providing correct, non-judgmental information and stimulating a positive stigma- and discrimination-free environment in the society. Zero discrimination is necessary for ending AIDS and, therefore, represents a key component of the fast-track approach. Joining hands with partners, UNAIDS also works to implement a variety of other activities within the framework of the Zero Discrimination campaign, including fundraising events whose proceeds support children and adolescents living with HIV, ZeroDiscrimination online photo contests, and quizzes and exhibitions. Moreover, the Zero Discrimination campaign runs through all major activities of UNAIDS and co-sponsors, aiming to lower stigma and discrimination toward people living with HIV and key populations at a higher risk of HIV exposure.
Strengthening partnerships and supporting capacity development
UNAIDS strengthens multisectoral partnerships and participation in the HIV response at all levels. It has supported the functioning of various platforms for accurate, timely information exchange, such as the Joint UN Team on HIV/AIDS and the Partnership Forum. UNAIDS advocates for the participation of people living with HIV in HIV responses, and has collaborated with all stakeholders in developing the institutional and technical capacities. Lastly, it has assisted the Country Coordinating Mechanism Secretariat in ensuring that stakeholders participate across the board in terms of mobilizing financial resources.
Critical assistance to national partners is provided in adapting international standards in treatment, care and support to the local context. In particular, support is provided to utilize new World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines in the treatment of HIV, tuberculosis and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), considering the disease context and national characteristics. To increase the effectiveness of treatment for people living with HIV and optimize the procurement of antiretroviral drugs, UNAIDS provides financial and technical assistance in implementing a drug resistance monitoring system, under the direction of the Ministry of Health. Moreover, UNAIDS assists the Republican AIDS Centre to improve laboratory services to study how recently HIV infection has occurred, which is essential for an effective national response. Further, UNAIDS, in close consultation with the Ministry of Health, organizes and implements trainings for national health care providers, along with the purchase of laboratory equipment and essential test kits for HIV/STI and hepatitis diagnostics.
Mobilization of internal and external resources
UNAIDS is providing crucial support regarding the mobilization of resources for a response to HIV. Since 2013, the “Regional cooperation programme on prevention, control and epidemiological surveillance in HIV/AIDS and other infectious diseases in Eastern Europe and Central Asia," financed by the Government of the Russian Federation, has been implemented in Uzbekistan with UNAIDS support. The goals of this programme are: (i) Improvement of the system of epidemiological surveillance for HIV/AIDS, STIs and viral hepatitis, including among the most vulnerable populations; and (ii) Strengthening of the system of prevention and control over infectious diseases, including HIV, STIs and viral hepatitis, among women and children.
In addition, UNAIDS has advocated mainstreaming HIV into core activities of key sectors. It has achieved this by facilitating the issue’s integration into the new United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) 2016-2020, while also leveraging the assistance of international experts with regard to planning actions for mobilizing internal resources.
Information and communication
UNAIDS ensures that national partners have access to quality and up-to-date information and materials regarding HIV-related issues. It regularly provides the most recent evidence-based information on advances in the field, scientific innovations, creative social projects aimed at lowering stigma, local and global news, and other developments. This information is publicly shared by means of a bimonthly newsletter, “HIV Brief,” and the UNAIDS Uzbekistan Facebook page.
III. Contact information
75, Mustaqillik Avenue, Tashkent, 100000, Uzbekistan
Inconel Business Centre, 3rd floor
Tel. +998 (71) 120-30-82/83/84
Fax: +998 (71) 120-30-84