Uzbekistan’s climatic and geographic features, and its unique ecosystems have made environmental sustainability a national priority. Given rapid economic development in recent years, Uzbekistan recognizes the need to balance economic growth and environmental protection. For the next decade, the Government has set the national objectives to ensure improved energy efficiency and sustainable development (“green economy”), help people adapt to climate change and enhance the environmental and natural disasters prevention and mitigation system. Furthermore, increasing demands for finite natural resources need to be balanced with the rights of the people, especially those in rural areas, to access natural resources, increasingly requiring sustainable use of these resources.
These priorities are consistent with the SDGs, which emphasize the need to ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all; ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all; take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts; make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable; and protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation and biodiversity loss.
To join efforts in implementation of these priorities, the Government and the United Nations System have agreed to pursue the following Outcome in frames of the UNDAF 2016-2020:
By 2020, rural population benefit from sustainable management of natural resources and resilience to disasters and climate change
Based on the stated priorities and United Nations System’s comparative advantages, the collaboration between the Government and the United Nations System will encompass:
a) Integrating the principles of sustainable development into national legislation and policymaking and elaborating evidence-based policies to promote sustainable development;
b) Further improving the efficiency of use of land and water resources for sustainable agricultural development and food security. A key target will be the promotion of the rural economy through enhancing the capacity of both institutions and stakeholders at all levels to increase the productivity and profitability of agricultural production systems, while also preserving natural resources, coping with climate change impacts, and ensuring gender equality;
c) Climate change mitigation and adaptation, climate risk management and disaster risk reduction: preparedness for a broader set of disasters is the focus of the UN work, with awareness raised and national capacities strengthened to support rural communities in disaster-prone areas to apply proactive disaster risk reduction approaches;
d) Further improving energy efficiency and promoting access to energy: collaboration covers increasing energy efficiency across all sectors and diversification of energy generation through the wider use of renewables to meet the growing energy demand, including in such sectors as housing and urban development;
e) Biodiversity conservation: the UN supports partners in developing policies and regulations, as well as demonstration pilots, for sustainable management of pasturelands and forests, preventing desertification, increasing the share of protected areas and halting biodiversity loss.
The United Nations System also continues reviving, safeguarding and promoting traditional knowledge, skills and practices in sustainable use of natural and cultural resources, and will seek synergies between traditional environmental practices and high technologies