Human potential realization
Strengthening human potential is essential for countries to meet the challenges of globalization, to build democratic societies based on the rule of law and the protection of human rights, to develop knowledge-based economies, and to be on track for sustainable development.
Health and education are two pillars on which the well-being of individuals is built. They are mutually reinforcing: a healthy individual has a better chance of achieving his or her potential; educated individuals have a better chance of remaining healthy, and contributing to the health and development of their family, their community and, ultimately, their country.
National priorities in the health sector call for improving the quality and efficiency of health care, including prevention issues and promotion of a healthy lifestyle. Significant attention is given to ensuring access to health services for the most vulnerable populations. In light of these priorities, the Government and the UN System have agreed to work toward attaining the following outcome under the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) 2016-2020:
By 2020, all people benefit from quality, equitable and accessible health services throughout their life course
Quality health services include the entire continuum of care throughout life cycle (for children, adolescents/youth, women and men), from prevention to treatment and care, with a specific focus on addressing communicable and non-communicable diseases. At the same time, the definition of access will be linked with the introduction of Universal Health Care.
This UNDAF outcome is consistent with global Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3, which calls for ensuring healthy lives and promoting well-being for all, at all ages. To achieve this, the UN System and the Government work together in the following major areas:
- Promoting the quality of life-cycle health issues, including maternal, child and reproductive health: The UN System supports the Government in designing and delivering integrated sexual, reproductive and maternal health services, while also strengthening technical capacities for mother and child health. All this is further reducing maternal and child deaths from preventable causes.
- Reducing the burden of communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis: The UN System will support the Government to advocate for HIV prevention among adolescents/youth and most-at-risk populations, as well as to improve national capacities in delivering prevention services for vulnerable populations and implementing internationally recommended protocols.
- Addressing non-communicable diseases (NCDs), with a focus on circulatory system diseases and cancer as the most common: The UN System provides policy support and conducts advocacy and awareness raising on NCD prevention and health promotion. It also assists in enhancing national capacities for enforcement and implementation of international standards and protocols.
- Further strengthening of the health management system: The UN System supports evidence-based policymaking and institutional capacity building to further enhance health system management and financing for improved system quality.
Education is a fundamental human right and a major driving force for human development. It creates opportunities for improving livelihoods by empowering people with knowledge and skills, so that economically and socially marginalized people can lift themselves out of poverty.
In view of Government priorities to improve access to preschool education, enhance the quality of education at all levels, and expand opportunities for adult education and lifelong learning opportunities, the UN System will assist the Government under the UNDAF 2016-2020 to ensure that
By 2020, continuous quality education and lifelong learning for all are improved
This goal is consistent with the SDGs, which emphasize ensuring inclusive and equitable education and promoting lifelong learning opportunities for all.
The Government and the UN System have agreed to focus on the following during this five-year period:
- Expanding opportunities to widen the coverage of children by preschool education, as well as for adult education and lifelong learning (including tertiary education): To increase the demand for quality early childhood education and care (ECEC) programmes and to enhance ECEC quality, the UN System supports and undertakes special communication for development initiatives.
- Further improving the quality of education and lifelong learning for all: This includes support in development of a structured, gender-disaggregated monitoring and evaluation system and development of competency frameworks for the basic education curriculum, as well as competency-based standards and curricula for teachers.
- Promoting evidence-based policies in the education sector, including generation of evidence for effective teacher policies
Furthermore, the UN System advocates for the promotion of gender parity in tertiary education, along with increased and diversified provision of quality opportunities. Special emphasis is given to strengthening the national framework for recognition, validation and accreditation of skills of non-formal and informal learning to foster lifelong learning opportunities for all.