Economic development and social protection
Sustainable economic growth that ensures broad opportunities for human development is a key priority of the Government of Uzbekistan. The UN System in Uzbekistan works extensively to support the country’s aspirations to achieve high-middle-income status with a sustained, robust GDP growth rate, and to promote inclusive growth and human development, especially for vulnerable groups and regions.
Under the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) 2016-2020, the UN and the Government have agreed to collaborate to ensure that:
By 2020, equitable and sustainable economic growth is expanded for all through productive employment and improvement of the environment for business, entrepreneurship and innovations.
This goal is closely linked to the global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which that call for an end to poverty in all its forms, everywhere (SDG1), and for the promotion of sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment, and decent work for all (SDG8).
To attain these goals, the UN System in Uzbekistan will focus on the following aspects over the next five years:
- Further strengthening national capacities for formulation and implementation of comprehensive development strategies and policies that aim at ensuring stable economic growth and expanded opportunities for sustainable human development: This also will include support to formulation of nationalized SDGs and respective development strategies
- Improving the business environment: The UN System assists the Government in development and implementation of policies aimed at improving the business climate and entrepreneurship opportunities. It also supports gradual de-regulation of the economy and strengthening of public-private partnerships for improved service delivery.
- Promoting productive and sustainable employment opportunities for vulnerable groups, with a special focus on youth, women and persons with disabilities: UN Agencies particularly undertake targeted interventions for women in difficult socioeconomic situations and persons with disabilities. Through entrepreneurship/skills training programmes and volunteerism, they support women’s employment and youth entrepreneurship alike.
- Further addressing regional development disparities: The UN System supports national efforts in better understanding and addressing the causes of income- and employment-related disparities among the regions of the country and promotes enhanced Government policies on balanced regional socioeconomic development.
- Enhancing national systems for protection and support of labor migrants.
At the same time, the UN System acknowledges the role of effective social protection in ensuring equitable growth. To strengthen the efficiency of the social protection system, the Government and the UN System have agreed to work jointly under the UNDAF 2016-2020 on the following outcome:
By 2020, vulnerable groups benefit more from an inclusive, financially sustainable and efficient social protection system; and children and women in need of protection are covered by comprehensive support in line with human rights standards.
This outcome particularly contributes to the global SDGs focused on reducing inequalities within and among countries (SDG10) and on achieving gender equality and empowering all women and girls (SDG5). Collaboration toward this result encompasses the following areas:
- Strengthening the effectiveness and sustainability of the system of social allowances and the pension system: The UN System will focus on building capacity of national stakeholders and providing policy recommendations based on evidence and international best practices.
- Further improving social services for children deprived of parental care, the elderly, and people with disabilities: This will include support to the development and implementation of evidence-based policies and strategies on improved social service delivery for these most vulnerable groups of the population.
- Providing comprehensive support to children and women in need of protection.